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The Gungans are an amphibious race of sentient beings native to the planet Naboo. First introduced in the 1999 film, Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace, Gungans have become well-known and an integral part of the larger Star Wars universe. They are characterized by their elongated, flexible necks, large eyes, and long ears known as haillu, which are used for balance and movement. The vast majority of Gungans are bipedal, and their bodies are covered in a smooth, mucus-like membrane allowing them to survive both on land and in water.

One of the most notable Gungans is Jar Jar Binks, who played a significant role in the Star Wars prequel trilogy. Jar Jar was initially viewed as a clumsy and annoying character but later became a key figure in the rise of Emperor Palpatine's power, as he was the one who proposed giving Palpatine emergency powers to create the Clone Army in Episode II.

Physiologically, Gungans possess strong lungs that enable them to hold their breath for extended periods underwater. This ability, combined with their natural affinity for swimming, allows Gungans to easily traverse the watery landscapes of Naboo. Additionally, their eyes are adapted for seeing in the murky waters of Naboo as well as on land, making them a versatile and adaptive species.

Throughout the history of Naboo, the Gungans coexisted alongside the human population but maintained a separate society, conducting minimal interaction with each other. Their society was divided into multiple city-states, with the underwater city of Otoh Gunga serving as the capital. Gungans were led by a ruling monarchy—a Boss and a council of tribal leaders called the Rep Council. The Gungan society operated under a strict caste system, with those at the top being warriors and military strategists, followed by artisans, merchants, farmers, and laborers at the bottom.

Within the Star Wars universe, Gungan technology is unique in that it is heavily reliant upon energy in its various forms. In battle, the Gungans utilized deadly energy shields and energy-based projectile weaponry, such as the booma, which were spheres filled with energy that caused great damage upon impact. The Gungan military consisted primarily of the Gungan Grand Army, which was considered a formidable force against their adversaries.

Although initially hesitant to ally themselves with the human inhabitants of Naboo, the Gungans eventually established a partnership. This Alliance came about during the events of The Phantom Menace, when Queen Amidala of Naboo sought Gungan aid to fend off the Trade Federation’s invasion of the planet. The Alliance ultimately led to a significant victory over the Trade Federation and a lasting cooperation between the two societies.

the Gungans are an intriguing and unique species within the Star Wars universe. Their distinct appearance, intriguing culture, and unusual technology have made them an essential element of the Star Wars lore. By bridging the gap between the humans and their own species, they also played a vital role in the outcome of pivotal events in the galaxy's history.

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