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The Confederacy of Independent Systems (CIS), also known as the Separatist Alliance, was a major faction in the Star Wars universe. It was a coalition of various planetary and sectorial governments, as well as some corporations, that declared their intention to leave the Galactic Republic due to issues of corruption, inefficiency, and centralization of power. The CIS is a key player in The Clone Wars, where it waged war against the Republic and its clone army, which was chronicled in Star Wars: Episode II - Attack of the Clones, Star Wars: Episode III - Revenge of the Sith, and the Star Wars: The Clone Wars television series.
The beginnings of the CIS can be traced back to the actions of Count Dooku, a former Jedi Knight who had become disillusioned with the Republic. Dooku, secretly under the influence of the Sith Lord Darth Sidious, began to rally various groups and systems to his cause, forming the foundations of the Separatist Alliance. These groups included major galaxy-wide corporations such as the Trade Federation, the Techno Union, the InterGalactic Banking Clan, and the Commerce Guild, which saw an opportunity to further their own interests and expand their power within the galaxy.
The Confederacy's primary goal was to gain independence from the Republic, arguing that the central government was too corrupt, bureaucratic, and inefficient to effectively govern the galaxy. Count Dooku, as the leader of the CIS, sought to create a more prosperous and stable government that would be capable of caring for the people of the galaxy. However, the involvement of powerful corporations in the Separatist movement also suggested a degree of self-interest and economic motives behind the push for independence.
The military forces of the CIS mainly consisted of droid armies, which were cheap, expendable, and could be produced in vast numbers. These droid forces were supplied by the member corporations and used to both defend their territories and launch offensives against the Republic. Initially, the Republic had a limited military capability, but with the development and deployment of the clone army, the balance of power shifted resulting in a full-scale galactic conflict known as The Clone Wars.
Throughout The Clone Wars, the CIS found early success due in part to its sheer numbers and superiority in terms of resources. However, the tide began to turn as the Republic's clone army, led by the Jedi Order, gained experience and started to win key battles. The conflict would ultimately lead to both massive casualties and the destabilization of numerous systems across the galaxy.
The end of the CIS came with the conclusion of The Clone Wars, following the execution of Order 66 and the death of Count Dooku at the hands of Anakin Skywalker (who would later become Darth Vader). With Dooku's death and the subsequent elimination of the majority of the Separatist Council members by Darth Vader, the remaining CIS forces were left leaderless and ultimately surrendered to the newly-formed Galactic Empire, marking the end of the Confederacy of Independent Systems.
the Confederacy of Independent Systems was a galactic political and military faction seeking independence from the corrupt Galactic Republic. Formed by Count Dooku and backed by powerful corporations, it waged a devastating war against the Republic's clone army. The CIS's reliance on droid forces and its ultimate downfall in the wake of its leadership's demise left the galaxy in chaos, serving as a grim reminder of the fragility and complexities of galactic politics and warfare in the Star Wars universe.
Mentions on Podcast Episodes:
29. - (21 BBY) Clone Wars Season 2 Ep 17 / ”501 + 1” / Visions 4